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摄食不同粒径颗粒饲料的凡纳滨对虾发声信号特征

曹正良 沈梦庭 李钊丞 汪自豪 王秀秀

曹正良, 沈梦庭, 李钊丞, 汪自豪, 王秀秀. 摄食不同粒径颗粒饲料的凡纳滨对虾发声信号特征[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20220080
引用本文: 曹正良, 沈梦庭, 李钊丞, 汪自豪, 王秀秀. 摄食不同粒径颗粒饲料的凡纳滨对虾发声信号特征[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20220080
CAO Zhengliang, SHEN Mengting, LI Zhaocheng, WANG Zihao, WANG Xiuxiu. Characteristics of feeding acoustic signals of Litopenaeus vannamei fed with pellets of different sizes[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20220080
Citation: CAO Zhengliang, SHEN Mengting, LI Zhaocheng, WANG Zihao, WANG Xiuxiu. Characteristics of feeding acoustic signals of Litopenaeus vannamei fed with pellets of different sizes[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20220080

摄食不同粒径颗粒饲料的凡纳滨对虾发声信号特征

doi: 10.12131/20220080
基金项目: 上海市科技兴农项目南美白对虾声谱智能投饵装备研制 (智慧农业) (201902080010F01117)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    曹正良 (1972—),男,副研究员,博士,从事海洋声学与生物学研究。E-mail: zlcao@shou.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB 561,S 966

Characteristics of feeding acoustic signals of Litopenaeus vannamei fed with pellets of different sizes

  • 摘要: 基于被动声学方法,在实验室水箱中采集凡纳滨对虾 (Litopenaeus vannamei) (体长9~10 cm) 摄食不同粒径颗粒饲料 (粒径为0.4、0.8和1.2 mm) 的发声信号。对其摄食发声信号波形图、时频图和频谱图的分析表明,对虾摄食不同粒径颗粒饲料的声音信号特征相似,频率介于5~45 kHz,其中摄食0.4和0.8 mm的声音信号谱峰中心频率约17 kHz,1.2 mm的平均约10 kHz;对虾摄食沙蚕 (Nereis succinea) 信号的频率范围和谱峰中心频率与摄食颗粒饲料相比有明显区别,摄食沙蚕声音信号频率介于5~20 kHz,谱峰中心频率约7 kHz;与养殖现场虾塘中凡纳滨对虾摄食发声信号对比发现,虾塘信号特征与实验室中的相似,区别在于虾塘信号无在高频区域的次主峰。
  • 图  1  实验布设示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of experimental layout

    图  2  声音采集系统

    Figure  2.  Sound acquisition system

    图  3  投饵前后波形图 (a) 和能量 (b) 对比

    Figure  3.  Comparison of waveform (a) and relative SPL (b) before and after feeding

    图  4  放大的单个信号波形图

    Figure  4.  Amplified waveform of a single signal

    图  5  进食0.4 mm粒径饲料波形图

    Figure  5.  Waveform of feeding pellets of 0.4 mm

    图  6  选取信号波形图

    Figure  6.  Waveform of selected signals

    图  7  选取信号的时频图

    Figure  7.  Spectrogram of selected signals

    图  8  摄食0.4 mm饲料的摄食发声信号

    Figure  8.  Feeding acoustic signals of feeding pellets of 0.4 mm

    图  9  进食0.8 mm粒径的颗粒饲料 (上:波形图;下:时频图)

    Figure  9.  Waveform of shrimp feeding pellets of 0.8 mm (Above: waveform; blow: spectrogram)

    图  10  摄食0.8 mm饲料的摄食发声信号

    Figure  10.  Feeding acoustic signals of feeding pellets of 0.8 mm

    图  11  摄食1.2 mm粒径的颗粒饲料 (上:波形图;下:时频图)

    Figure  11.  Waveform of shrimp feeding pellets of 1.2 mm (Above: waveform; blow: spectrogram)

    图  12  摄食1.2 mm饲料的摄食发声信号

    Figure  12.  Feeding acoustic signals of feeding pellets of 1.2 mm

    图  13  摄食沙蚕的摄食发声信号

    Figure  13.  Feeding acoustic signals of feeding N. succinea

    图  14  养殖虾塘的对虾摄食发声信号

    Figure  14.  Feeding acoustic signals of shrimp in farming pond

    表  1  不同情况下凡纳滨对虾摄食发声信号特征

    Table  1.   Characteristics of acoustic signals of L. vannamei in different situation

    体长
    Body length
    饲料
    Pellet
    频率范围
    Frequency/kHz
    谱峰中心频率
    Peak frequency/kHz
    实验室
    Laboratory
    9~10 cm 0.4 mm 5~45 17
    0.8 mm 5~45 17
    1.2 mm 5~45 10
    沙蚕 5~20 7
    虾塘
    Farming pond
    9~10 cm / 4~25 7
    / / 4~15[31-32] /
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-26
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-02
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-10

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