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方便乌鳢鱼头汤喷雾干燥工艺优化及品质评价

高瑞昌 张伟 李欣 苏丽 袁丽

高瑞昌, 张伟, 李欣, 苏丽, 袁丽. 方便乌鳢鱼头汤喷雾干燥工艺优化及品质评价[J]. 南方水产科学, 2022, 18(2): 158-164. doi: 10.12131/20210309
引用本文: 高瑞昌, 张伟, 李欣, 苏丽, 袁丽. 方便乌鳢鱼头汤喷雾干燥工艺优化及品质评价[J]. 南方水产科学, 2022, 18(2): 158-164. doi: 10.12131/20210309
GAO Ruichang, ZHANG Wei, LI Xin, SU Li, YUAN Li. Study on optimization parameters of spray drying and quality evaluation of Channa argus head soup drying product[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2022, 18(2): 158-164. doi: 10.12131/20210309
Citation: GAO Ruichang, ZHANG Wei, LI Xin, SU Li, YUAN Li. Study on optimization parameters of spray drying and quality evaluation of Channa argus head soup drying product[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2022, 18(2): 158-164. doi: 10.12131/20210309

方便乌鳢鱼头汤喷雾干燥工艺优化及品质评价

doi: 10.12131/20210309
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目 (2019YFD0901903)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    高瑞昌 (1976—),男,教授,博士,从事水产品加工与综合利用研究。E-mail: 1000003432@ujs.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S 986.1

Study on optimization parameters of spray drying and quality evaluation of Channa argus head soup drying product

  • 摘要: 为满足消费者对美味鱼汤产品的需求,提高乌鳢 (Channa argus) 加工副产物的利用价值,以前期制备的乌鳢鱼头汤为原料,用麦芽糊精作助干剂,采用喷雾干燥法制备乌鳢鱼头汤粉末,以干燥粉末的水分质量分数、色泽、溶解性、堆积密度、冲调时间以及粘壁情况为评价指标对喷雾干燥工艺优化进行研究。结果表明,麦芽糊精能够有效提高喷雾干燥的集粉率、粉体亮度、溶解性,改善粘壁情况;麦芽糊精质量浓度为15 g·L 1、喷雾干燥进风温度为170 ℃、进料速度为6 mL·min 1时喷雾效果和产品品质最佳,所制得的乌鳢鱼头汤粉末具有含水量较低、堆积密度较大、溶解度较高、吸湿性较低和颗粒均匀等特性。综上,喷雾干燥法可作为乌鳢鱼头汤粉末的制备方法。
  • 图  1  喷雾干燥鱼头汤粉外观

    Figure  1.  Product by spray drying

    图  2  扫描电镜结果

    Figure  2.  SEM of the spray drying samples

    表  1  助干剂对产品喷雾干燥的影响

    Table  1.   Effect of carrier on spray drying of product

    麦芽糊精质量浓度
    Addition of
    maltdextrin/(g·L−1)
    集粉率
    Powder collection
    rate/%
    水分质量分数
    Moisture
    mass fraction/%
    堆积密度
    Bulk density/
    (g·mL−1)
    冲调时间
    t/s
    亮度
    L*
    红绿色度
    a*
    蓝黄色度
    b*
    白度
    Brightness
    粘壁情况
    Wall
    sticking
    0 13.5a 4.84b 0.365a 117d 50.13b −0.14d 7.01c 49.64b 粘壁严重
    5 19.9b 6.07c 0.456d 104c 48.00a −0.31a 3.39b 47.89a 粘壁严重
    10 38.5c 5.08b 0.441c 84b 48.63a −0.26b 2.55a 48.57a 部分粘壁
    15 37.7c 4.17a 0.434b 77a 51.49b −0.35a 2.39a 51.43b 轻微粘壁
    20 39.2c 4.03a 0.429b 74a 50.60b −0.22c 2.13a 50.55b 几乎不粘壁
    注:同一列标注不同小写字母表示组间存在显著差异(P<0.05);下表同此。 Note: Different lowercase letters within the same column indicate significant difference between groups (P<0.05). The same case in the following tables.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  进风温度对产品喷雾干燥的影响

    Table  2.   Effect of inlet air temperature on spray drying of product

    温度
    Temperature/
    集粉率
    Powder collection
    rate/%
    水分质量分数
    Moisture
    mass fraction/%
    堆积密度
    Bulk density/
    (g·mL−1)
    冲调时间
    t/min
    亮度
    L*
    红绿色度
    a*
    蓝黄色度
    b*
    白度
    Brightness
    粘壁情况
    Wall sticking
    16041.86c6.11c0.390b1.40b54.59b−0.38b4.29a54.39b部分粘壁
    17043.02d4.77a0.362b1.32a56.29c−0.48a4.66b56.04b轻微粘壁
    18037.70b6.09c0.401c1.29a51.49a−0.32b4.30a51.29a轻微粘壁
    19035.41a4.97b0.304a1.46c51.50a−0.47a5.34c51.20a少量粘壁
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  进料速度对产品喷雾干燥的影响

    Table  3.   Effect of feeding speed on spray drying of product

    进料速度
    Processing velocity/
    (mL·min−1)
    集粉率
    Powder collection
    rate/%
    水分质量分数
    Moisture
    mass fraction/%
    堆积密度
    Bulk density/
    (g·mL−1)
    冲调时间
    t/s
    亮度
    L*
    红绿色度
    a*
    蓝黄色度
    b*
    白度
    Brightness
    粘壁情况
    Wall sticking
    644.55c3.91a0.301b58b52.75a−0.30b4.01b52.58a轻微粘壁
    940.64b4.54b0.297b47a55.80b−0.39a3.84a55.63b部分粘壁
    1242.29b4.93c0.296b75d53.53a−0.36ab4.36c53.32a轻微粘壁
    1534.99a5.41d0.287a65c54.89b−0.43a3.87ab54.72b严重粘壁
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  喷雾干燥的乌鳢鱼头汤粉品质指标

    Table  4.   Quality index of C. argus head soup powder made by spray drying

    水分质量分数
    Moisture mass fraction/%
    堆积密度
    Bulk density/(g·mL−1)
    溶解度
    Solubility/[g·(100 mL)−1]
    吸湿性
    Hygroscopicity/[g·(100 g)−1]
    4.03±0.150.54±0.0999.13±1.9824.47±1.65
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  粉末粒径和跨度指数

    Table  5.   Particle sizes and span index of powder

    粉末粒径 Particle size/μm跨度指数
    Span
    D[4,3]D90D50D10
    2.84±1.155.43±0.572.80±0.070.87±0.011.63±0.15
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-23
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-20
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-07
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-01

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