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不同工艺海带提取物中植物激素和海藻酸寡糖的比较研究

苗钧魁 张雅婷 张圣国 郑志红 王致鹏 王海英

苗钧魁, 张雅婷, 张圣国, 郑志红, 王致鹏, 王海英. 不同工艺海带提取物中植物激素和海藻酸寡糖的比较研究[J]. 南方水产科学, 2022, 18(2): 142-149. doi: 10.12131/20210287
引用本文: 苗钧魁, 张雅婷, 张圣国, 郑志红, 王致鹏, 王海英. 不同工艺海带提取物中植物激素和海藻酸寡糖的比较研究[J]. 南方水产科学, 2022, 18(2): 142-149. doi: 10.12131/20210287
MIAO Junkui, ZHANG Yating, ZHANG Shengguo, ZHENG Zhihong, WANG Zhipeng, WANG Haiying. Comparative research of plant hormones and alginate oligosaccharides in seaweed extracts by different processing methods[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2022, 18(2): 142-149. doi: 10.12131/20210287
Citation: MIAO Junkui, ZHANG Yating, ZHANG Shengguo, ZHENG Zhihong, WANG Zhipeng, WANG Haiying. Comparative research of plant hormones and alginate oligosaccharides in seaweed extracts by different processing methods[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2022, 18(2): 142-149. doi: 10.12131/20210287

不同工艺海带提取物中植物激素和海藻酸寡糖的比较研究

doi: 10.12131/20210287
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目 (2019YFD0901902);河北省重点研发计划项目 (21323201D)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    苗钧魁 (1983—),男,助理研究员,博士,从事海藻加工与综合利用研究。E-mail: miaojk@ysfri.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    王致鹏 (1987—),男,教授,博士,从事海洋微生物和微藻代谢工程研究。E-mail: wangzp@qau.edu.cn

    王海英 (1975—),女,副研究员,博士,从事海洋生物酶催化与转化技术研究。E-mail: wanghy@ysfri.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: Q 189

Comparative research of plant hormones and alginate oligosaccharides in seaweed extracts by different processing methods

  • 摘要: 在海带 (Laminaria japonica) 提取加工领域,生物酶解法已成为理想的化学法替代工艺。为评估化学、酶解和酶解发酵联合工艺的提取效果,对3种海带提取物中的植物激素和海藻酸寡糖含量以及分子量分布情况进行了比较研究。采用间羟基二苯法测定海藻酸盐质量百分比,高效液相色谱法 (HPLC) 测定海藻酸寡糖分子量,高效液相色谱-串联质谱法 (HPLC-MS) 测定植物激素含量。结果显示,化学提取法获得的海带提取物的海藻酸寡糖提取率最低 (41.99%),分子量约为200~400 D,而酶解提取法和酶解发酵联合提取法获得的提取率分别为90.75%和82.21%,分子量为200~1 600 D。吲哚乙酸 (IAA) 是3种提取物中质量分数最高的植物激素 (2.64~64.59 ng·g−1),其次为茉莉酸 (JA, 0.05~13.09 ng·g−1)。酶解发酵联合法海带提取物的植物激素浓度高于其他2种提取物。综合比较植物激素和海藻酸寡糖提取率,酶解发酵联用工艺比传统化学工艺和酶解工艺更适用于农用海带提取物的制备。
  • 图  1  不同加工处理的海藻酸盐含量及其提取率

    Figure  1.  Alginate content and its extract rate in seaweed extracts by different processing methods

    图  2  不同工艺海带提取物中不同聚合度海藻酸寡糖的含量

    Figure  2.  Content of alginate oligosaccharides with different degree of polymerization in seaweed extracts from different processing methods

    图  3  发酵过程中葡萄糖、海藻酸盐、吲哚乙酸和茉莉酸含量变化

    Figure  3.  Contents of glucose, alginate, IAA and JA during fermentation

    表  1  干海带原料与不同提取工艺制备样品中植物激素质量分数

    Table  1.   Contents of 11 PHS species in seaweed material and seaweed extracts by different methods ng·g−1

    植物激素种类
    Plant hormone
    species
    干海带原料
    Dry seaweed
    material
    化学法海带提取物
    Seaweed extract
    by CP
    酶解法海带提取物
    Seaweed extract
    by EP
    酶解发酵联用法
    海带提取物
    Seaweed extract by CEMP
    吲哚乙酸 Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) 31.26±1.72 4.46±0.42 2.64±0.17 64.59±4.05
    吲哚丁酸 3-Indolebutyric acid (IBA) 0.19±0.02 0.01±0.005 0.13±0.02
    反式玉米核苷酸 Trans-Zeatin Riboside (tZR) 0.10±0.08
    玉米素 Cis-Zeatin (cZ) 0.58±0.06 0.03±0.005 0.12±0.01
    脱落酸 Abscisic acid (ABA) 0.62±0.08 0.09±0.008 1.28±0.23
    茉莉酸 Jasmonic acid (JA) 0.22±0.03 0.05±0.01 0.19±0.16 13.09±1.85
    水杨酸 Salicylic acid (SA) 10.29±1.48 0.46±0.09 1.07±0.12 0.44±0.1
    赤霉素A1 gibberellin A1 (GA1) 0.08±0.006 0.08±0.01 0.03±0.005
    赤霉素A3 gibberellin A3 (GA3) 0.02±0.01 0.02±0.003
    赤霉素A4 gibberellin A4 (GA4) 0.92±0.03 0.03±0.004 0.21±0.016
    赤霉素A7 gibberellin A7 (GA7) 0.02±0.002 0.34±0.03
    注:—. 未检出。 Note: —. Undetected.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-07
  • 修回日期:  2021-12-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-21
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-01

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