留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域鱼类群落格局及其与环境因子的关系

张公俊 杨长平 刘岩 周文礼 单斌斌 王良明 王思涵 孙典荣 贾春斌

张公俊, 杨长平, 刘岩, 周文礼, 单斌斌, 王良明, 王思涵, 孙典荣, 贾春斌. 北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域鱼类群落格局及其与环境因子的关系[J]. 南方水产科学, 2022, 18(4): 20-33. doi: 10.12131/20210255
引用本文: 张公俊, 杨长平, 刘岩, 周文礼, 单斌斌, 王良明, 王思涵, 孙典荣, 贾春斌. 北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域鱼类群落格局及其与环境因子的关系[J]. 南方水产科学, 2022, 18(4): 20-33. doi: 10.12131/20210255
ZHANG Gongjun, YANG Changping, LIU Yan, ZHOU Wenli, SHAN Binbin, WANG Liangming, WANG Sihan, SUN Dianrong, JIA Chunbin. Pattern of fish community and its relationship with environmental factors in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf)[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2022, 18(4): 20-33. doi: 10.12131/20210255
Citation: ZHANG Gongjun, YANG Changping, LIU Yan, ZHOU Wenli, SHAN Binbin, WANG Liangming, WANG Sihan, SUN Dianrong, JIA Chunbin. Pattern of fish community and its relationship with environmental factors in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf)[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2022, 18(4): 20-33. doi: 10.12131/20210255

北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域鱼类群落格局及其与环境因子的关系

doi: 10.12131/20210255
基金项目: 海南省自然科学基金项目 (319QN337);农业农村部政府购买服务项目 (17200044)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张公俊 (1996—),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为海洋渔业资源。E-mail: zgj70919@163.com

    通讯作者:

    贾春斌 (1972—),男,高级工程师,从事海洋渔业资源研究。E-mail: jcbsz@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S 932.4

Pattern of fish community and its relationship with environmental factors in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf)

  • 摘要: 依据2016年北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域的底拖网调查数据,分析了鱼类群落组成和资源的时空分布;同时结合温度、盐度、溶解氧、pH、深度5种水环境要素,探讨了该海域鱼类群落与环境因子间的关系。结果表明,该海域共捕获鱼类152种,隶属于15目55科96属,二长棘鲷 (Parargyrops edita)、鹿斑鲾 (Secutor ruconius)、多齿蛇鲻 (Saurida tumbil)、褐菖鲉 (Sebastiscus marmoratus) 等为优势种。资源量以春季最丰富,多样性指标春、夏季较高,冬季最低。聚类和NMDS分析得出,该海域可划分为4个鱼类组群,组内平均相似度介于18.27% (组群I) 至32.49% (组群II)。ANOSIM分析表明各组群间鱼类组成差异极显著 (R=0.703~0.982, P<0.01),组群I与IV间存在最大相异性 (98.02%)。冗余分析 (RDA) 表明,底层温度、溶解氧、深度和底层盐度是影响北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域鱼类分布的主要环境因子。
  • 图  1  北部湾防城港—钦州近岸海域鱼类资源调查站位图

    Figure  1.  Sampling station of fishery resources in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf)

    图  2  四季鱼类平均生物量和丰度

    Figure  2.  Mean biomass and abundance of fish in four seasons

    图  3  四季鱼类丰度的时空变化

    Figure  3.  Spatio-temporal changes of fish abundance in four seasons

    图  4  四季鱼类生物量的时空变化

    Figure  4.  Spatio-temporal changes of fish biomass in four seasons

    图  5  北部湾防城港—钦州近岸各季节鱼类群落多样性指数

    Figure  5.  Biodiversity index of fish community in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf) in four seasons

    图  6  2016年北部湾防城港—钦州近岸鱼类聚类图

    Figure  6.  Cluster analysis of fish species collected from Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf) in 2016

    图  7  鱼类群落结构NMDS分析

    Figure  7.  Non-metric multidimensional scalinganalysis of fish community

    图  8  北部湾防城港—钦州近岸四季环境因子

    注:不同的大写字母表示差异极显著 (P<0.01);不同的小写字母表示差异显著 (P<0.05)。

    Figure  8.  Environmental factors in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf) in four seasons

    Note: Different uppercase and lowercase letters on the columns indicate extremely significant difference (P<0.01) and significant difference (P<0.05).

    图  9  各季节环境因子相关性热图

    Figure  9.  Correlation heat maps of environmental factors in four seasons

    图  10  基于冗余分析的鱼类群落和环境因子排序图

    Figure  10.  Ordination bi-plot of fish communities and environmental factors based on redundancy analysis

    表  1  北部湾防城港—钦州近岸渔获鱼类种类组成

    Table  1.   Species composition of fish in Fangchenggang (Qinzhou coastal area of Beibu Gulf)

    纲 Class目 Order科 Family属 Genus种 Species
    软骨鱼纲 Chondrichthyes 真鲨目 Carcharhiniformes 2 (3.64%) 2 (2.08%) 2 (1.32%)
    鲼形目 Myliobatiformes 1 (1.82%) 1 (1.04%) 1 (0.66%)
    硬骨鱼纲 Osteichthyes 银汉鱼目 Atheriniformes 1 (1.82%) 1 (1.04%) 1 (0.66%)
    鳗鲡目 Anguilliformes 2 (3.64%) 4 (4.17%) 6 (3.95%)
    鳕形目 Gadiformes 1 (1.82%) 1 (1.04%) 1 (0.66%)
    鲱形目 Clupeiformes 3 (5.45%) 6 (6.25%) 11 (7.24%)
    鲇形目 Siluriformes 2 (3.64%) 3 (3.13%) 3 (1.97%)
    鲻形目 Mugiliformes 2 (3.64%) 3 (3.13%) 3 (1.97%)
    灯笼鱼目 Myctophiformes 2 (3.64%) 3 (3.13%) 4 (2.63%)
    颌针鱼目 Beloniformes 1 (1.82%) 1 (1.04%) 1 (0.66%)
    刺鱼目 Gasterosteiformes 1 (1.82%) 1 (1.04%) 1 (0.66%)
    鲈形目 Perciformes 26 (47.27%) 52 (54.17%) 91 (59.87%)
    鲉形目 Scorpaeniformes 4 (7.27%) 5 (5.21%) 5 (3.29%)
    鲽形目 Pleuronectiforme 5 (9.09%) 8 (8.33%) 14 (9.21%)
    鲀形目 Tetraodontiforme 2 (3.64%) 5 (5.21%) 8 (5.26%)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  各季节相对重要性指数前5的鱼类优势种

    Table  2.   Importance relative index of five dominated fish species in four seasons

    季节
    Season
    种类
    Species
    丰度
    RW/%
    生物量占比
    RN/%
    出现频率
    RFO/%
    相对重要性指数
    IRI
    春季
    Spring
    矛尾虾虎鱼 C. stigmatias 17.76 47.27 96.55 6 279.21
    二长棘鲷 P. edita 19.26 10.12 93.10 2 735.73
    褐菖鲉 S. marmoratus 9.24 11.84 79.31 1 672.29
    竹䇲鱼 T. japonicus 9.36 6.10 51.72 799.41
    短吻鲾 L. brevirostris 6.62 2.75 65.52 613.76
    夏季
    Summer
    鹿斑鲾 S. ruconius 10.06 31.22 96.55 3 985.99
    长鲾 L. elongatus 13.28 24.62 82.76 3 137.32
    蓝圆鲹 D. maruadsi 11.69 8.42 100.00 2 011.67
    二长棘鲷 P. edita 14.94 3.50 93.10 1 716.24
    康氏小公鱼 S. commersonii 3.41 11.42 75.86 1 124.93
    秋季
    Autumn
    多齿蛇鲻 S. tumbil 9.71 41.07 86.2 4 377.55
    鹿斑鲾 S. ruconius 7.02 19.99 93.10 2 515.05
    棕腹刺鲀 G. spadiceus 16.25 4.72 96.55 2 024.46
    二长棘鲷 P. edita 10.49 2.52 79.31 1 031.89
    长丝虾虎鱼 M. cryptocentrus 3.87 5.76 86.21 829.84
    冬季
    Winter
    褐菖鲉 S. marmoratus 12.20 31.01 58.62 2 533.23
    二长棘鲷 P. edita 9.87 38.85 34.48 1 680.16
    鹿斑鲾 S. ruconius 4.31 4.11 82.76 696.59
    多齿蛇鲻 S. tumbil 11.46 5.82 34.48 595.70
    花斑蛇鲻 S. undosquamis 8.79 4.60 31.03 415.12
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] ROZAS L P, ODUM W E. The role of submerged aquatic vegetation in influencing the abundance of nekton on contiguous tidal fresh-water marshes[J]. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol, 1988, 114(2): 289-300.
    [2] ZIJLSTRA J J. On the importance of the Wadden Sea as a nusery area in relation to the conservation of the southern North Sea fishery resources[J]. Symp Zool Soc Lond, 1972, 29(2): 233-258.
    [3] PIHL L, WENNHAGE H. Structure and diversity of fish assemblages on rocky and bottom shores on the Swedish west coast[J]. J Fish Biol, 2002, 61(2): 148-166.
    [4] BLABER S J M, BREWER D T, SALINI J P. Fish communities and the nursery role of the shallow inshore waters of a tropical bay in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 1995, 40(2): 177-193. doi: 10.1016/S0272-7714(05)80004-6
    [5] SELLESLAGH J, AMARA R. Environmental factors structuring fish composition and assemblages in a small macrotidal estuary (eastern English Channel)[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 2008, 79(3): 507-517. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2008.05.006
    [6] BARLETTA M, BARLETTA-BERGAN A, SAINT-PAUL U, et al. The role of salinity in structuring the fish assemblages in a tropical estuary[J]. J Fish Biol, 2005, 66(1): 45-72. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00582.x
    [7] FRANCO A C S, SANTOS L N. Habitat-dependent responses of tropical fish assemblages to environmental variables in a marine-estuarine transitional system[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 2018, 211(2): 110-117.
    [8] DIRECTIVE W F. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy[J]. Off J Eur Comm, 2000, 22(12): 20-35.
    [9] CABRAL H N. Distribution and abundance patterns of flatfishes in the Sado estuary, Portugal[J]. Estuaries, 2000, 23(1): 351-358.
    [10] THIEL R, SEPÚLVEDA A, KAFEMANN R, et al. Environmental factors as forces structuring the fish community of the Elbe estury[J]. J Fish Biol, 1995, 46(1): 47-69. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1995.tb05946.x
    [11] MARSHALL S, ELLIOTT M. Environmental influences on the fish assemblage of the Humber estuary, U.K.[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 1998, 46(2): 175-184. doi: 10.1006/ecss.1997.0268
    [12] 王雪辉, 邱永松, 杜飞雁, 等. 北部湾鱼类群落格局及其与环境因子的关系[J]. 水产学报, 2010, 34(10): 1579-1586.
    [13] 王理想. 北部湾海域春、秋季鱼类群落结构初步研究[D]. 青岛: 中国海洋大学, 2009: 35-37.
    [14] 罗春业, 李英, 朱瑜, 等. 广西北部湾鱼类区系的再研究[J]. 广西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 1999, 22(2): 85-89.
    [15] 杨璐, 曹文清, 林元烧, 等. 夏季北部湾九种经济鱼类的食性类型及营养生态位初步研究[J]. 热带海洋学报, 2016, 35(2): 66-75. doi: 10.11978/2014133
    [16] 李渊, 王燕平, 张静, 等. 北部湾口海域鱼类分类多样性的初步探讨[J]. 应用海洋学学报, 2016, 35(2): 229-235. doi: 10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2016.02.012
    [17] 王淼娣, 王雪辉, 孙典荣, 等. 基于长度贝叶斯生物量估算法评估北部湾大头白姑鱼资源状况[J]. 南方水产科学, 2021, 17(2): 20-27. doi: 10.12131/20200202
    [18] 孙典荣, 林昭进. 北部湾主要经济鱼类资源变动分析及保护对策探讨[J]. 热带海洋学报, 2004, 27(2): 62-68. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-5470.2004.02.008
    [19] 傅昕龙. 北部湾西北部近海鱼类资源分布和群落结构特征及其影响因素. [D]. 上海: 上海海洋大学, 2018: 29-33.
    [20] 何思璇, 何斌源. 防城河口湾鱼类群落结构及其与环境因子关系研究[J]. 热带海洋学报, 2019, 38(5): 86-97.
    [21] 袁华荣, 陈丕茂, 贾晓平, 等. 北部湾东北部游泳生物资源现状[J]. 南方水产科学, 2011, 7(3): 31-38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0780.2011.03.006
    [22] 乔延龙, 林昭进. 北部湾地形、底质特征与渔场分布的关系[J]. 海洋湖沼通报, 2007(1): 232-238.
    [23] 陈波, 侍茂崇. 北部湾海洋环流研究进展[J]. 广西科学, 2019, 26(6): 595-603.
    [24] 杨洁清, 史赟荣, 沈新强, 等. 湄洲湾海域甲壳动物群落多样性分析[J]. 南方水产科学, 2017, 13(5): 16-24. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0780.2017.05.003
    [25] 劳齐斌, 刘国强, 申友利, 等. 北部湾入海河流营养盐的分布特征及入海通量研究[J]. 海洋学报, 2020, 42(12): 93-100.
    [26] PINKAS L, OLIPHANT M S, IVERSON I L K. Food habits of albacore, bluefin tuna, and bonito in California waters[J]. Fish Bull, 1971, 152(7): l-105.
    [27] CLARKE K R, GORLEY R N, SOMERFIELD P J, et al. Change in marine communities: an approach to statistical analysis and interpretation[M]. Plymouth: Primer-E Ltd. , 1994: 61-77.
    [28] BRAAK C J F. CANOCO: a FORTRAN program for canonical community ordination by partial etrended canonical correspondence analysis, principal components analysis and redundancy analysis (version 2.1) [M]. Wageningen: Agricultural Mathematics Group, 1988: 45-50.
    [29] KNEIB R T. Early life stages of resident nekton in intertidal marshes[J]. Estuaries, 1997, 20(4): 214-230.
    [30] ELLIOTT M, DEWAILLY F. The structure and components of European estuarine fish assemblages[J]. Aquat Ecol, 1995, 29(6): 397-417.
    [31] 孙典荣. 北部湾渔业资源与渔业可持续发展研究[D]. 青岛: 中国海洋大学, 2008: 40-44.
    [32] 陈作志, 邱永松. 北部湾二长棘鲷的生态分布[J]. 海洋水产研究, 2005, 26(3): 16-21.
    [33] PESSANHA A L M, ARAÚJO F G. Spatial, temporal and diel variations of fish assemblages at two sandy beaches in the Sepetiba Bay[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 2003, 57(5/6): 817-828.
    [34] SAYER M D J, CAMERON K S, WILKINGSON G. Fish species found in the rocky sublittoral during winter months as revealed by the underwater application of the anaesthetic quinaldine[J]. J Fish Biol, 1994, 44(4): 351-353.
    [35] SAYER M D J, GIBSON R N, ATKINSON R J A. Growth, diet and condition of goldsinny on the west coast of Scotland[J]. J Fish Biol, 1995, 43(2): 157-167.
    [36] VENDEL A L, LOPES S G, SANTOS C, et al. Fish assemblages in a tidal flat[J]. Braz Arch Biol Technol, 2003, 46(5): 233-242.
    [37] 王言丰, 余景, 陈丕茂, 等. 北部湾灯光罩网渔场时空分布与海洋环境关系分析[J]. 热带海洋学报, 2019, 38(5): 68-76.
    [38] 王雪辉, 邱永松, 杜飞雁, 等. 北部湾鱼类多样性及优势种的时空变化[J]. 中国水产科学, 2011, 18(2): 427-436.
    [39] 王雪辉, 邱永松, 杜飞雁, 等. 北部湾秋季底层鱼类多样性和优势种数量的变动趋势[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(2): 333-342.
    [40] 袁蔚文. 北部湾底层渔业资源的数量变动和种类更替[J]. 中国水产科学, 1995, 2(2): 57-65. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-8737.1995.02.006
    [41] PRISTA N, VASCONCELOS R P, COSTA M J, et al. The demersal fish assemblage of the coastal area adjacent to the Tagus estuary (Portugal): relationships with environmental conditions[J]. Oceanologica Acta, 2003, 26(5/6): 525-536.
    [42] MOLINA A, DUQUE G, COGUA P. Influences of environmental conditions in the fish assemblage structure of a tropical estuary[J]. Mar Biodivers, 2020, 50(1): 1-13. doi: 10.1007/s12526-019-01025-y
    [43] 王小林. 海州湾及邻近海域鱼类群落结构的时空变化[D]. 青岛: 中国海洋大学, 2013: 42-47.
    [44] WHITFIELD A K. Ichthyofaunal assemblages in estuaries: a South African case study[J]. Rev Fish Biol Fish, 1999, 9(2): 151-186. doi: 10.1023/A:1008994405375
    [45] FONDS M. The seasonal distribution of some fish species in the Western Dutch. Wadden Sea[J]. J Fish Biol, 1978, 32(4): 223-235.
    [46] MEYNECKE J O, LEE S Y, DUKE N C, et al. Effect of rainfall as a component of climate change on estuarine fish production in Queensland, Australia[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 2006, 69(3/4): 491-504.
    [47] LONERAGAN N R. River flows and estuarine ecosystems: implications for coastal fisheries from a review and a case study of the Logan River, southeast Queensland[J]. Aust J Ecol, 1999, 24(4): 431-440. doi: 10.1046/j.1442-9993.1999.00975.x
    [48] GILLSON J, SCANDOL J, SUTHERS I. Estuarine gillnet fishery catch rates decline during drought in eastern Australia[J]. Fish Res, 2009, 99(1): 26-37. doi: 10.1016/j.fishres.2009.04.007
    [49] POXTON M G, ALLOUSE S B. Water quality criteria for marine fisheries[J]. Aquacult Eng, 1982, 1(3): 153-191. doi: 10.1016/0144-8609(82)90026-7
    [50] POMFRET J R, ELLIOTT M, REILLY M G. Spatial and temporal patterns in the fish communities in two UK North Sea estuaries[J]. Estuar Coast, 1991, 11(3): 227-284.
    [51] MAES J, STEVENS M, BREINE J. Modelling the migration opportunities of diadromous fish species along a gradient of dissolved oxygen concentration in a European[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 2007, 75(5): 151-162.
    [52] 胡翠林, 张洪亮, 张亚洲, 等. 带鱼保护区春秋季鱼类群落特征及与环境因子的关系[J]. 水产学报, 2018, 42(5): 694-703.
    [53] BARROS F, UNDERWOOD A J, LINDEGARTH M. The influence of rocky reefs on structure of benthic macrofauna in the nearby soft-sediments[J]. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci, 2001, 52(2): 191-199. doi: 10.1006/ecss.2000.0734
    [54] 邱永松. 南海北部大陆架鱼类群落的区域性变化[J]. 水产学报, 1988, 10(4): 303-313.
    [55] GELWICK F P, AKIN S, ARRINGTON A D. Fish assemblage structure in relation to environmental variation in a Texas gulf coastal Wetland[J]. Estuaries, 2001, 24(3): 285-296.
    [56] RENFRO W C. Survival and migration of fresh-water fishes in salt water[J]. Tex J Sci, 1959, 11(5): 172-180.
  • 20210255-附录A.pdf
  • 加载中
图(10) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  288
  • HTML全文浏览量:  72
  • PDF下载量:  27
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-06
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-18
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-30
  • 刊出日期:  2022-08-05

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回