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茎柔鱼肌肉和性腺组织相对能量积累及环境效应关系研究

连晋欣 冯艺璇 林东明

连晋欣, 冯艺璇, 林东明. 茎柔鱼肌肉和性腺组织相对能量积累及环境效应关系研究[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20210219
引用本文: 连晋欣, 冯艺璇, 林东明. 茎柔鱼肌肉和性腺组织相对能量积累及环境效应关系研究[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20210219
LIAN Jinxin, FENG Yixuan, LIN Dongming. Relative energy accumulation in soma and gonad tissues of female Dosidicus gigas and relation to environmental effects[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20210219
Citation: LIAN Jinxin, FENG Yixuan, LIN Dongming. Relative energy accumulation in soma and gonad tissues of female Dosidicus gigas and relation to environmental effects[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20210219

茎柔鱼肌肉和性腺组织相对能量积累及环境效应关系研究

doi: 10.12131/20210219
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目  (41876144);上海市人才发展资金项目 (2020107)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    连晋欣 (1996—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为头足类繁殖生物学。E-mail: 3077087588@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    林东明 (1980—),男,高级工程师,博士,从事头足类繁殖生物生态学研究。E-mail: dmlin@shou.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S 931.1

Relative energy accumulation in soma and gonad tissues of female Dosidicus gigas and relation to environmental effects

  • 摘要: 为了从能量积累角度掌握茎柔鱼 (Dosidicus gigas) 的生活史策略,该研究利用组织能量密度测定技术和广义线性混合效应模型 (Generalized linear mixed-effects models, GLMM) 对东太平洋茎柔鱼的肌肉、性腺等组织的相对能量积累及其与栖息海域环境因子之间的关系进行了分析。结果显示,东太平洋茎柔鱼以肌肉组织能量积累为主 (相对能量积累占70%以上),性腺组织能量积累相对较低。在生理性发育期至功能性成熟期,肌肉组织相对能量积累下降显著、性腺组织相对能量积累明显;在功能性成熟期,肌肉组织相对能量积累回升显著。肌肉组织和性腺组织的相对能量积累与栖息海域海表温度无显著相关性,但与栖息海域叶绿素a浓度存在显著的效应关系,并与采样经度分布密切相关。研究表明,东太平洋茎柔鱼在性腺发育开始后能量积累逐渐增加对生殖发育的投入分配,但在繁殖产卵期保持较好的肌肉组织状态,肌肉、性腺组织的相对能量积累更多取决于栖息海域的初级生产力。
  • 图  1  东太平洋茎柔鱼的采样站点

    Figure  1.  Sampling stations of D. gigas in East Pacific Ocean

    图  2  东太平洋茎柔鱼采样站点的海表温和叶绿素a浓度

    Figure  2.  Sea surface temperature and Chl-a concentration of D. gigas sampling stations in East Pacific Ocean

    图  3  茎柔鱼肌肉组织相对能量积累随性腺发育的变化及与胴长的关系

    Figure  3.  Changes of relative energy accumulation in soma tissue of D. gigas with sexual maturation and relation to mantle length

    图  4  茎柔鱼性腺组织相对能量积累随性腺发育的变化及与胴长的关系

    Figure  4.  Changes of relative energy accumulation in gonad tissues of D. gigas with sexual maturation and relation to mantle length

    图  5  茎柔鱼卵巢、输卵管复合体和缠卵腺组织相对能量积累随性腺发育的变化分布

    Figure  5.  Changes of relative energy accumulation in tissues of ovary, oviducts and nidamental glands with sexual maturation for D. gigas

    图  6  茎柔鱼肌肉、性腺组织相对能量积累与叶绿素a浓度、采样经度的关系

    Figure  6.  Relationships between relative energy accumulation in soma and gonad tissues and Chl-a concentration and sampling longitude for D. gigas

    图  7  茎柔鱼卵巢组织相对能量积累与叶绿素a浓度、采样经度的关系

    Figure  7.  Relationships between ovary relative energy accumulation and Chl-a concentration and sampling longitude for D. gigas

    表  1  茎柔鱼雌性实验样本的生物学数据

    Table  1.   Biological information of female D. gigas specimens for experiment

    性腺成熟度
    Maturity stage
    样本 Specimen 胴长 Mantle length/mm 体质量 Body mass/g
    数目
    Number
    占比
    Proportion/%
    范围
    Range
    均值
    X±SD
    范围
    Range
    均值
    X ±SD
    38 33.93 171~440 287.48±60.67 175~2 114 799.25±518.85
    21 18.75 205~581 362.32±107.33 230~4 529 1 601.52±1 364.71
    9 8.04 222~567 360.67±134.63 310~5 349 2 002.63±1 869.69
    38 33.93 210~641 501.86±119.73 205~7 293 3 598.87±1 636.30
    5 4.46 160~507 366.25±146.64 1 250~4 039 2 478.20±1 261.12
    总计 Total 112 100 160~641 367.72.±128.75 175~7 293 2 184.49±2 247.48
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  茎柔鱼肌肉组织相对能量积累与环境因子、经度的广义线性混合效应模型结果

    Table  2.   Results of generalized linear mixed-effects model of soma relative energy accumulation performed on environments and longitude for D. gigas

    效应
    Effect
    模型参数因子
    Model parameter
    估计
    Estimated
    效应方差
    Variance
    标准偏差
    Std. Dev.
    tP
    随机效应
    Random effect
    采样月份∶采样年份
    Sampling month∶Sampling year
    0.03 0.18
    采样年份 Sampling year 3.88×10−3 0.06
    残差 Residual 0.08 0.28
    固定效应
    Fixed effect
    截距 Intercept 7.20 2.07 10.95 1.75×10−6
    海表温度 SST −0.09 0.19 −1.61 0.13
    叶绿素 Chla 2.90 3.52 3.85 9.48×10−4
    经度 Lon −0.04 0.06 −2.74 0.01
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  茎柔鱼性腺组织相对能量积累与环境因子、经度的广义线性混合效应模型结果

    Table  3.   Results of generalized linear mixed-effects model of gonad tissues relative energy accumulation performed on environments and longitude for D. gigas

    效应
    Effect
    模型参数因子
    Model parameter
    估计
    Estimated
    效应方差
    Variance
    标准偏差
    Std. Dev.
    tP
    随机效应
    Random effect
    采样月份∶采样年份
    Sampling month∶Sampling year
    0.38 0.62
    采样年份 Sampling year 0.40 0.63
    残差 Residual 0.78 0.88
    固定效应
    Fixed effect
    截距 Intercept 9.78 6.64 4.32 2.86×10−3
    海表温度 SST 0.26 0.57 1.47 0.17
    叶绿素 Chl-a −8.95 11.10 −3.55 2.21×10−3
    经度 Lon 0.11 0.17 2.52 0.03
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  茎柔鱼卵巢组织相对能量积累与环境因子、经度的广义线性混合效应模型结果

    Table  4.   Results of generalized linear mixed-effects model of ovary relative energy accumulation performed on environments and longitude for D. gigas

    效应
    Effect
    模型参数因子
    Model parameter
    估计
    Estimated
    效应方差
    Variance
    标准偏差
    Std.Dev.
    tP
    随机效应
    Random effect
    采样月份∶采样年份
    Sampling month∶Sampling year
    0.13 0.35
    采样年份 Sampling year 0.00 0.00
    残差 Residual 0.28 0.53
    固定效应
    Fixed effect
    截距 Intercept 4.95 3.91 4.00 3.13×10−3
    海表温度 SST 0.16 0.40 1.61 0.13
    叶绿素 Chl-a −4.84 6.54 −3.40 2.82×10−3
    经度 Lon 0.06 0.12 2.41 0.03
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  茎柔鱼输卵管、缠卵腺组织相对能量积累与环境因子、经度的广义线性混合效应模型的固定效应结果

    Table  5.   Results of generalized linear mixed-effects models fixed effects of relative energy accumulation in oviducts and nidamental glands performed on environments and longitude for D. gigas

    组织
    Tissue
    参数
    Variable
    估计
    Estimated
    标准误差
    Std. Error
    tP
    输卵管
    Oviduct
    截距 Intercept 2.51 3.26 1.65 0.18
    海表温度 SST −0.05 0.08 −1.09 0.39
    叶绿素 Chl-a 1.88 12.89 0.55 0.59
    缠卵腺
    Nidamental gland
    截距 Intercept 4.43 3.76 3.21 0.02
    海表温度 SST −0.09 0.12 −1.92 0.11
    叶绿素 Chl-a −3.17 6.24 −1.85 0.09
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-10
  • 修回日期:  2021-10-18
  • 录用日期:  2021-11-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-09

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