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盐度对玉足海参浮游幼体生长的影响

黄星美 赵旺 李长林 邓正华 张钰伟 温为庚 马振华 于刚

黄星美, 赵旺, 李长林, 邓正华, 张钰伟, 温为庚, 马振华, 于刚. 盐度对玉足海参浮游幼体生长的影响[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20210100
引用本文: 黄星美, 赵旺, 李长林, 邓正华, 张钰伟, 温为庚, 马振华, 于刚. 盐度对玉足海参浮游幼体生长的影响[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20210100
HUANG Xingmei, ZHAO Wang, LI Changlin, DENG Zhenghua, ZHANG Yuwei, WEN Weigeng, MA Zhenhua, YU Gang. Effect of salinity on growth of planktonic larvae of sea cucumber (Holothuria leucospilota)[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20210100
Citation: HUANG Xingmei, ZHAO Wang, LI Changlin, DENG Zhenghua, ZHANG Yuwei, WEN Weigeng, MA Zhenhua, YU Gang. Effect of salinity on growth of planktonic larvae of sea cucumber (Holothuria leucospilota)[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20210100

盐度对玉足海参浮游幼体生长的影响

doi: 10.12131/20210100
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目 (2019YFD0900905);三亚市院地科技合作项目 (2018YD05);财政部和农业农村部国家现代农业产业技术体系 (CARS-49);中国水产科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金 (2020TD55);农业农村部财政专项 (NHYYSWZZZYKZX2020)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄星美 (1994—),女,研究实习员,硕士,从事渔业资源开发利用研究。E-mail: xingmeihuang218@163.com

    通讯作者:

    于 刚 (1972—),男,研究员,博士,从事水产养殖及高值化利用研究。E-mail: gyu0928@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S 968.9

Effect of salinity on growth of planktonic larvae of sea cucumber (Holothuria leucospilota)

  • 摘要: 为提高玉足海参 (Holothuria leucospilota) 幼体繁育的成活率,为热带海参野生资源开发利用提供理论基础,探讨了盐度对玉足海参浮游幼体生长、发育和成活率的影响。观察记录了21 d内不同盐度下玉足海参浮游幼体的生长与发育情况,通过测定分析了盐度对其体长、胃宽和成活率的影响。结果表明,在玉足海参耳状幼体阶段,33和36盐度组海参幼体的体长特定生长率显著高于其他盐度组 (P<0.05),24和27盐度组间、33和36盐度组间差异不显著 (P>0.05);30盐度组幼体胃宽的特定生长率显著高于其他盐度组 (24、33和36盐度组,P<0.05);而盐度为27~30时,玉足海参幼体胃的发育和成活率最佳;盐度为27~30时,玉足海参大耳幼体球状体结构发育更加强壮、突出,其整体形态更加强健、清晰;因此,玉足海参浮游幼体发育最适盐度为27~30。
  • 图  1  玉足海参耳状幼体的体长和胃宽

    Figure  1.  Body length (L) and stomach width (SW) of larvae of H. leucospilota

    图  2  盐度对玉足海参幼体体长 (a) 和胃宽 (b) 的影响

    Figure  2.  Effects of salinity on body length (a) and stomach width (b) of juvenile H. leucospilota

    图  3  不同盐度下玉足海参幼体体长变化

    Figure  3.  Change of body length of H. leucospilota larvae under different salinity

    图  4  不同盐度对玉足海参幼体成活率的影响

    Figure  4.  Effects of different salinities on survival rate of H. leucospilota larvae

    图  5  不同盐度下玉足海参浮游幼体形态变化

    Figure  5.  Change of morphology of planktonic larva of H. leucospilota under different salinity

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-29
  • 修回日期:  2021-09-05
  • 录用日期:  2021-09-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-30

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