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杂交鲷与黑鲷投喂频率的比较研究

仇玉燕 张志勇 陈淑吟 倪可雯 贾超峰 孟乾 祝斐 张志伟 汤晓建

仇玉燕, 张志勇, 陈淑吟, 倪可雯, 贾超峰, 孟乾, 祝斐, 张志伟, 汤晓建. 杂交鲷与黑鲷投喂频率的比较研究[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20210081
引用本文: 仇玉燕, 张志勇, 陈淑吟, 倪可雯, 贾超峰, 孟乾, 祝斐, 张志伟, 汤晓建. 杂交鲷与黑鲷投喂频率的比较研究[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20210081
QIU Yuyan, ZHANG Zhiyong, CHEN Shuyin, NI Kewen, JIA Chaofeng, MENG Qian, ZHU Fei, ZHANG Zhiwei, TANG Xiaojian. Comparative study on feeding frequency of hybrid F2 of Acanthopagrus schlegelii ♀ × Pagrus major♂ and A. schlegelii[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20210081
Citation: QIU Yuyan, ZHANG Zhiyong, CHEN Shuyin, NI Kewen, JIA Chaofeng, MENG Qian, ZHU Fei, ZHANG Zhiwei, TANG Xiaojian. Comparative study on feeding frequency of hybrid F2 of Acanthopagrus schlegelii ♀ × Pagrus major♂ and A. schlegelii[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20210081

杂交鲷与黑鲷投喂频率的比较研究

doi: 10.12131/20210081
基金项目: 江苏省农业重大新品种创制项目 (PZC201744);江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目[CX(17)2021]
详细信息
    作者简介:

    仇玉燕 (1996—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为海产鱼类种质资源与增养殖。E-mail: yuyanqiu2528@163.com

    通讯作者:

    陈淑吟 (1966—),女,博士,研究员,从事海洋生物种质资源与育种研究。E-mail: shuyinchen89@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S 968.1

Comparative study on feeding frequency of hybrid F2 of Acanthopagrus schlegelii ♀ × Pagrus major♂ and A. schlegelii

  • 摘要: 该研究比较了黑鲷 (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) ♀×真鲷 (Pagrus major) ♂杂交子二代 (杂交鲷或杂交F2) 与黑鲷幼鱼在不同投喂频率下生长性能、生理生化指标的差异表现,为新品种选育提供基础依据,选用杂交F2及黑鲷幼鱼为研究对象,设4个投喂频率组:1次·d−1、2次·d−1、3次·d−1、4次·d−1 (记作1 T、2 T、3 T、4 T),进行40 d的养殖实验。结果显示:随着投喂频率从1 T升至2 T,杂交F2与黑鲷的增重率 (WGR)、特定生长率 (SGR)、成活率 (SR) 显著升高 (P<0.05),胃蛋白酶、脂肪酶、α-淀粉酶活力显著降低 (P<0.05)。投喂频率超过2 T时,杂交F2和黑鲷各实验组的WGR、SGR、SR及消化酶活力均无显著差异 (P>0.05);抗氧化酶活力3 T组与2 T组间无显著差异 (P>0.05),但显著高于4 T组 (P<0.05)。相同的投喂频率下,2 T组杂交F2的WGR、SGR、胃蛋白酶、脂肪酶 (LPS) 均显著高于黑鲷 (P<0.05),4 T组杂交F2的过氧化氢酶 (CAT)、总超氧化物歧化酶 (T-SOD) 均显著高于黑鲷 (P<0.05)。研究结果表明,杂交F2及黑鲷幼鱼的适宜投喂频率为2 T,且杂交F2在所有组别中的生长性能表现均优于黑鲷。
  • 图  1  不同投喂频率下杂交鲷与黑鲷消化酶活力比较

    柱形图上方无字母或相同字母表示差异不显著 (P>0.05),不同小写字母表示实验组间有差异性显著 (P<0.05),不同大写字母表示实验组内种间有差异性显著 (P<0.05),后图同此

    Figure  1.  Comparison of digestive enzyme activities of hybrid porgy of A. schlegelii ♀ × P. major♂ and A. schlegelii with different feeding frequencies

    Hybrid F2 of A. schlegelii♀ × P. major ♂, HF2; A. schlegelii, AS; no letters or the same letters above the column chart indicate no significant difference (P>0.05), while different small letters indicate significant difference between the experimental groups (P<0.05). Different capital letters indicate significant difference among the species within the experimental groups (P<0.05). The same case in the following figures.

    图  2  不同投喂频率下杂交鲷与黑鲷肝脏抗氧化指标比较

    Figure  2.  Comparison of liver antioxidant indexes of hybrid porgy of A. schlegelii ♀ × P. major♂ and A. schlegelii with different feeding frequencies

    图  3  不同投喂频率下杂交鲷与黑鲷肝功能指标比较

    Figure  3.  Comparison of liver function indexes of hybrid porgy of A. schlegelii ♀ × P. major♂ and A. schlegelii with different feeding frequencies

    表  1  不同投喂频率下杂交鲷与黑鲷生长性能和形态指标的变化差异

    Table  1.   Difference of growth performance and morphological indexes of hybrid porgy of A. schlegelii ♀× P. major♂ and A. schlegelii with different feeding frequencies n=6; $ \overline { X}{\bf \pm {SE}}$

    指标
    Index
    实验鱼
    Experimental fish
    组别 Group
    1 T2 T3 T4 T
    初始体质量 IBW/g HF2 6.42±0.14
    AS 6.52±0.23
    终末体质量 FBW/g HF2 26.06±1.34bA 41.87±0.22aA 39.27±0.71abA 32.73±3.23ab
    AS 22.98±0.70bB 28.99±3.11aB 27.68±2.06abB 28.43±1.75a
    增重率 WGR/% HF2 305.85±20.91bA 552.13±11.25aA 511.63±11.05abA 409.86±20.25ab
    AS 252.31±10.79bB 344.48±47.69aB 324.37±31.66abB 335.87±26.80a
    特定生长率 SGR/% HF2 3.50±0.13bA 4.67±0.32aA 4.53±0.04abA 4.06±0.24ab
    AS 3.15±0.08bB 3.72±0.26aB 3.61±0.19aB 3.68±0.15a
    肥满度 CF/% HF2 3.08±0.22 4.08±0.83 3.88±0.42A 3.39±0.52
    AS 3.16±0.17 3.26±0.02 2.92±0.28B 2.92±0.20
    肝体比 HSI/% HF2 1.61±0.05bA 1.95±0.25a 1.84±0.17b 1.31±0.17c
    AS 1.40±0.08bcB 1.65±0.03a 1.54±0.26b 1.33±0.12c
    脏体比 VSI/% HF2 7.15±0.46a 5.77±0.80ab 5.28±0.14abA 5.71±0.91b
    AS 6.95±0.41a 6.73±0.43ab 6.15±0.26abB 5.86±0.47b
    成活率 SR/% HF2 93.33±1.36b 98.89±1.57a 94.44±3.42ab 97.22±1.57ab
    AS 92.78±3.42b 98.89±0.79a 97.78±1.57ab 97.22±2.08ab
    体质量变异系数 CV/% HF2 6.50±1.08 7.65±3.70 7.48±7.07 15.43±9.88
    AS 7.89±2.86 12.74±4.24 10.88±3.38 15.30±6.81
    摄食量 FI/g HF2 25.01±8.52 29.79±7.06 31.92±7.28 31.95±7.22
    AS 24.95±8.14 30.10±7.11 31.80±6.94 31.57±6.85
    饲料系数 FCR HF2 1.30±0.50 0.83±0.11 0.97±0.32 1.26±0.51
    AS 1.54±0.56 1.39±0.47 1.46±0.34 1.43±0.38
    注:HF2. 杂交F2;AS. 黑鲷;同行中上标不同小写字母表示差异显著 (P<0.05);同列中上标不同大写字母表示差异显著 (P<0.05). Note: HF2. Hybrid F2 of A. schlegelii♀ × P.major ♂; AS. A.schlegelii; values with different superscript small letters within the same row indicate significant difference (P<0.05); while values with different superscript capital letters within the same column indicate significant difference (P<0.05).
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-16
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-26
  • 录用日期:  2021-07-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-16

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