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基于概率模型的长江口鱼类空间共现模式分析

吴建辉 王家启 戴小杰 田思泉 刘健 陈锦辉 王学昉

吴建辉, 王家启, 戴小杰, 田思泉, 刘健, 陈锦辉, 王学昉. 基于概率模型的长江口鱼类空间共现模式分析[J]. 南方水产科学, 2019, 15(1): 1-9. doi: 10.12131/20180112
引用本文: 吴建辉, 王家启, 戴小杰, 田思泉, 刘健, 陈锦辉, 王学昉. 基于概率模型的长江口鱼类空间共现模式分析[J]. 南方水产科学, 2019, 15(1): 1-9. doi: 10.12131/20180112
Jianhui WU, Jiaqi WANG, Xiaojie DAI, Siquan TIAN, Jian LIU, Jinhui CHEN, Xuefang WANG. An analysis of spatial co-occurrence pattern of fish species of Yangtze River estuary based on probabilistic model[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2019, 15(1): 1-9. doi: 10.12131/20180112
Citation: Jianhui WU, Jiaqi WANG, Xiaojie DAI, Siquan TIAN, Jian LIU, Jinhui CHEN, Xuefang WANG. An analysis of spatial co-occurrence pattern of fish species of Yangtze River estuary based on probabilistic model[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2019, 15(1): 1-9. doi: 10.12131/20180112

基于概率模型的长江口鱼类空间共现模式分析

doi: 10.12131/20180112
基金项目: 上海市科委地方能力建设项目(18050502000);长江口中华鲟增殖放流跟踪监测和效果评估项目(S170062)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴建辉(1980—),男,博士研究生,工程师,从事中华鲟保护与保护区管理研究。E-mail: wjh0618@163.com

    通讯作者:

    田思泉(1978 — ),男,博士,教授,从事渔业资源评估与管理研究。E-mail: sqtian@shou.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S 932.4

An analysis of spatial co-occurrence pattern of fish species of Yangtze River estuary based on probabilistic model

  • 摘要: 根据2012—2014年长江口的渔业资源调查数据,采用概率模型、网络分析方法对长江口鱼类群落物种空间共现模式及影响因素进行综合分析。结果表明,长江口鱼类群落模式主要为物种的随机共现,群落构建中以中性元素的影响占主导地位,环境变化驱动的随机因素对种间共现的影响大于种间相互作用;种间共现模式有显著的季节差异,这种季节差异主要与海洋洄游型鱼类和河口定居型鱼类的季节更替有关;高物种权度和中间中心性种类的季节性更替影响种间共现模式的随机性;棘头梅童鱼(Collichthys lucidus)对群落内信息交换的控制能力较强,在长江口鱼类群落中处于核心地位。
  • 图  1  调查站点图分布图

    Figure  1.  Distribution of sampling sites

    图  2  长江口鱼类种间共现模式

    Figure  2.  Co-occurrence patterns of fish species in Yangtze River estuary

    图  3  长江口鱼类种间共现模式季节变化

    Figure  3.  Seasonal variance of fish species co-occurrence patterns in Yangtze River estuary

    图  4  长江口鱼类种间共现网络季节变化

    Figure  4.  Seasonal variation of fish species co-occurrence networks in Yangtze River estuary

    图  5  长江口鱼类群落各季节权度和局部聚类系数 (均值±标准误)

    Figure  5.  Bar plots of $\overline X$±SE of weight degrees and local clustering coefficients in different seasons in Yangtze River estuary

    表  1  长江口鱼类组成 (2012—2014年)

    Table  1.   Fish species composition in Yangtze River estuary (2012−2014)


    Order

    Family

    Species
    频次
    frequency
    相对重要性指数
    IRI
    鲱形目 Clupeiformes鳀科赤鼻棱鳀 Thrissa kammalensis30.62
    黄鲫 Setipinna taty20.07
    刀鲚 Coilia nasus56128.20
    凤鲚 Coilia mystus3473.15
    鲑形目 Salmoniformes银鱼科大银鱼 Protosalanx hyalocranius 40.18
    灯笼鱼目 Myctophiformes狗母鱼科龙头鱼 Harpodon nehereus2477.77
    鳗鲡目 Anguilliformes海鳗科海鳗 Muraensox cinereus30.41
    鲤形目 Cypriniformes鲤科贝氏䱗 Hemiculter bleekeri30.27
    长蛇 Saurogobio dumerili30.21
    鲇形目 Siluriformes鲿科光泽黄颡鱼 Pelteobagrus nitidus3158.81
    长吻 Leiocassis longirostris40.48
    鲻形目 Mugiliformes鲻科Mugil cephalus20.13
    Liza haematocheila50.32
    鲈形目 Perciformes马鲅科多鳞四指马鲅 Eleutheronema rhadinum50.35
    鮨科中国花鲈 Lateolabrax maculatus61.23
    石首鱼科黄姑鱼 Nibea albifora1630.26
    白姑鱼 Argyrosomus argentatus3047.78
    Miichthys miiuy83.12
    棘头梅童鱼 Collichthys lucidus481 340.92
    虾虎鱼科髭缟虾虎鱼 Triaenopogon barbatus117.10
    纹缟虾虎鱼 Tridentiger trigonocephalus10.04
    波氏吻虾虎鱼 Ctenogobius cliffordpopei10.01
    狼牙鳗虾虎鱼 Taenioides anguillaris54185.98
    拉氏狼牙虾虎鱼 Odontamblyopus lacepedii51.81
    睛尾蝌蚪虾虎鱼 Lophiogobius ocellicauda53262.44
    矛尾虾虎鱼 Chaeturichthys stigmatias31198.59
    斑尾刺虾虎鱼 Synechogobius ommaturus116.72
    孔虾虎鱼 Trypauchen vagina38120.72
    鲳科银鲳 Pampus argenteus81.50
    䲗科香斜棘䲗 Repomucenus olidus20.04
    鲉形目 Scorpaeniformes鲂鮄科小眼绿鳍鱼 Chelidonichthys spinosus10.88
    鲬科Platycephalus indicus10.01
    鲽形目 Pleuronectiformes舌鳎科日本须鳎 Paraplagusia japonica10.03
    短吻红舌鳎 Cynoglossus joyneri23109.89
    窄体舌鳎 Cynoglossus gracilis75705.37
    鳎科带纹条鳎 Zebrias zebra10.21
    鲀形目 Tetraodontiformes鲀科暗纹东方鲀 Takifugu obscurus10.02
    黄鳍东方鲀 Takifugu xanthopterus10.37
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  长江口鱼类共现模式呈正相关、负相关和随机性的种对数量

    Table  2.   Number of pairs of fish species with positive, negative and random co-occurrence patterns in Yangtze River estuary

    月份
    month
    物种数
    number of species
    共现模式
    pattern of co-occurrence
    正相关
    positive
    负相关
    negative
    随机
    random
    2月 Feb.1833147
    5月 May24114261
    8月 Aug.27514296
    11月 Nov.27266319
    总体 total387612615
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-05-28
  • 修回日期:  2018-08-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2018-12-05
  • 刊出日期:  2019-02-05

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