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高体中轴骨骼特性分析

胡静 周胜杰 杨蕊 方伟 吴林玉 马振华

胡静, 周胜杰, 杨蕊, 方伟, 吴林玉, 马振华. 高体中轴骨骼特性分析[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20200240
引用本文: 胡静, 周胜杰, 杨蕊, 方伟, 吴林玉, 马振华. 高体中轴骨骼特性分析[J]. 南方水产科学. doi: 10.12131/20200240
Jing HU, Shengjie ZHOU, Rui YANG, Wei FANG, Linyu WU, Zhenhua MA. Characteristics of axial skeleton in Seriola dumerili[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20200240
Citation: Jing HU, Shengjie ZHOU, Rui YANG, Wei FANG, Linyu WU, Zhenhua MA. Characteristics of axial skeleton in Seriola dumerili[J]. South China Fisheries Science. doi: 10.12131/20200240

高体中轴骨骼特性分析

doi: 10.12131/20200240
基金项目: 中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费资助项目 (2020TD55);广西创新驱动发展专项资金项目 (桂科AA18242031)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡静:胡 静 (1987—),女,硕士,助理研究员,从事水产养殖研究。E-mail:hijklnm123@sina.com

    通讯作者:

    马振华 (1981—),男,博士,研究员,从事水产养殖研究。E-mail: zhenhua.ma@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: S917.4

Characteristics of axial skeleton in Seriola dumerili

  • 摘要: 采用X光射线法结合生物生态消化法,对高体 (Seriola dumerili) 个体中轴骨骼进行了消化、拍照及描述性统计。研究发现高体中轴骨骼包括头骨和脊柱,头骨分为脑颅和咽颅两部分,脑颅分为筛区、眼区、耳区、枕区4区及围眶骨系,咽颅分为颌弓、舌弓、鳃弓3区及鳃盖骨系;高体躯干支撑结构为脊柱,脊柱由前后连接的椎骨组成,每节椎骨均由形态不同的椎体、髓棘、髓弓组成,部分椎骨分化出椎体横突、肋骨、脉弓和脉棘。结果表明,高体头部主要骨骼约为128块,其中脑颅 (包括围眶骨系) 39块,咽颅 (包括鳃盖骨系) 89块;包括尾杆骨在内,高体脊柱椎骨数目为24,脊柱共有髓棘、髓弓23枚,脉棘14枚、脉弓15枚,椎体横突10对,无背肋,腹肋9对。
  • 图  1  方斑东风螺对高体个体去肌肉、去内脏的消化处理

    Figure  1.  Digestive treatment of S. dumerili of muscle and viscera removing by B. areolata

    图  2  高体X射线影像

    1. 脊椎骨;2. 上颌骨;3. 下颌骨;4. 脑颅;5. 眼;6. 腹腔;7. 鳔;8. 肋骨;9. 胸鳍;10. 背鳍;11. 腹鳍;12. 臀鳍;13. 尾鳍;14. 尾杆骨

    Figure  2.  X-ray image of S. dumerili

    1. Vartebra; 2. Upper jaws; 3. Lower jaws; 4. Neurocranium; 5. Eye; 6. Abdominal cavity; 7. Bladder; 8. Ribs; 9. Pectoral fin; 10. Dorsal fin; 11. Pelvic fin; 12. Anal fin; 13. Caudal fin; 14. Urostyle

    图  3  经方斑东风螺消化后高体中轴骨骼

    1. 颌骨;2. 脑颅;3. 肋骨;4. 髓棘;5. 脉棘;6. 尾杆骨

    Figure  3.  Axial skeleton of S. dumerili after digestion by B. areolata

    1. Maxilla; 2. Neurocranium; 3. Ribs; 4. Neural spine; 5. Haemal spine; 6. Urostyle

    图  4  高体头骨图示

    a. 筛区;1. 犁骨;2. 侧筛骨;3. 前筛骨;4. 鼻骨;5. 中筛骨;b. 眼区;1. 额骨;2. 基蝶骨;3. 翼蝶骨;4. 副蝶骨;c. 耳区;1. 后耳骨;2. 顶骨;3. 蝶耳骨;4. 上耳骨;5. 翼耳骨;6. 前耳骨;d. 枕区;1-a. 基枕骨截面;1-b. 基枕骨侧面;2. 侧枕骨;3. 上枕骨;e. 围眶骨系;1. 眶下骨;2. 眶前骨;3. 眶后骨;4. 眶上骨;5. 泪骨;f. 颌弓;1. 关节骨;2. 腭骨;3. 前颌骨;4. 后翼骨;5. 上颌骨;6. 辅上颌骨;7. 中翼骨;8. 前翼骨;9. 齿骨;10. 隅骨;11. 方骨;g. 舌弓和鳃弓;1. 舌颌骨;2. 角舌骨;3. 上舌骨;4. 基舌骨;5. 续骨;6. 咽头悬着骨;h. 鳃盖骨系;1. 间鳃盖骨;2. 下鳃盖骨;3. 前鳃盖骨;4. 鳃盖骨

    Figure  4.  Diagram of S. dumerili skull

    a. Ethmoidal region; 1. Vomer; 2. Ectoethmoid; 3. Preethmoid; 4. Nasal; 5. Mesethmoid; b. Orbital region; 1. Frontal; 2. Basisphenoid; 3. Alisphenoid; 4. Parasphenoid; c. Otic region; 1. Opisthotica; 2. Parietal; 3. Sphenotic; 4. Epiotic; 5. Pterotic; 6. Prootic; d. Occipital region; 1-a. Basioccipitale bone cross section; 1-b. Basioccipitale bone side section; 2. Exoccipital bone; 3. Supraoccipital bone; e. Circumorbital series; 1. Infraorbital bone; 2. Preorbital bone; 3. Postorbital bone; 4. Supraorbital bone; 5. Lacrimal bone; f. Mandibular arch; 1. Articular; 2. Palatine; 3. Premaxilla; 4. Metapterygoid; 5. Maxilla; 6. Supramaxilla; 7. Metapterygoid; 8. Prepterygoid; 9. Alvenlus; 10. Angulare; 11. Quadrate; g. Hyoid arch and branchial arch; 1. Hyomandibular; 2. Ceratohyal; 3. Epihyal; 4. Intrahyoid; 5. Symplecticum; 6. Suspensory branchial; h. Opercular series; 1. Interoperculum; 2. Suboperculum; 3. Praeopercular; 4. Operculums

    表  1  高体中轴骨骼

    Table  1.   Axial skeleton statistics of S. dumeril

    部位
    Part
    组成 
    Composition 
    区位   
    Region   
    骨骼     
    Skeleton     
    数量
    Number
    合计
    Total
    头部 Head 脑颅+围眶骨系
    Neurocranium andcircumorbital series
    筛区 Ethmoidal region 前筛骨 Preethmoid 1块 7块
    犁骨 Vomer 1块
    鼻骨 Nasal 1对
    中筛骨 Mesethmoid 1块
    侧筛骨 Ectoethmoid 1对
    眼区 Orbital region 额骨 Frontal 1对 6块
    副蝶骨 Parasphenoid 1块
    翼蝶骨 Alisphenoid 1对
    基蝶骨 Basisphenoid 1块
    耳区 Otic region 蝶耳骨 Sphenotic 1对 12块
    翼耳骨 Pterotic 1对
    前耳骨 Prootic 1对
    后耳骨 Opisthotica 1对
    顶骨 Parietal 1对
    上耳骨 Epiotic 1对
    枕区 Occipital region 侧枕骨 Exoccipital bone 1对 4块
    基枕骨 Basioccipital bone 1块
    上枕骨 Supraoccipital bone 1块
    围眶骨系 Circumorbital series 泪骨 Lacrimal bone 1对 10块(5对)
    眶下骨 Infraorbital bone 1对
    眶后骨 Postorbital bone 1对
    眶上骨 Supraorbital bone 1对
    眶前骨 Preorbital bone 1对
    咽颅+鳃盖骨系
    Splanchnocranium andopercular series
    颌弓 Mandibular arch 前颌骨 Premaxilla 1对 24块(12对)
    上颌骨 Maxilla 1对
    腭骨 Palatine 1对
    前翼骨 Prepterygoid 1对
    中翼骨 Mesopterygoid 1对
    后翼骨 Metapterygoid 1对
    方骨 Quadrate 1对
    齿骨 Alvenlus 1对
    关节骨 Articular 1对
    隅骨 Angulare 1对
    辅上颌骨 Supramaxilla 1对
    麦克尔氏软骨 Meckel's cartilage 1对
    舌弓 Hyoid arch 舌颌骨 Hyomandibular 1对 22块
    续骨 Symplecticum 1对
    基舌骨 Intrahyoid 1块
    下舌骨 Hypohyal 2对
    角舌骨 Ceratohyal 1对
    上舌骨 Epihyal 1对
    尾舌骨 Urohyal 1块
    间舌骨 Interhyal 1对
    鳃条骨 Branchiostegal ray 3对
    鳃弓 Branchial arch 基鳃骨 Basibranchial 3块 35块
    下鳃骨 Hypobranchial 3对
    角鳃骨 Ceratobranchial 4对
    上鳃骨 Epibranchial 4对
    上咽骨 Epipharyngeal 3对
    下咽骨 Hypopharyngeal 1对
    咽头悬着骨 Suspensory branchial 1对
    鳃盖骨系 Opercular series 前鳃盖骨 Praeopercular 1对 8块
    鳃盖骨 Operculums 1对
    下鳃盖骨 Suboperculum 1对
    间鳃盖骨 Interoperculum 1对
    躯干 Body 脊柱 Spine 椎骨 Vartebra 椎体 Vartebrae 24枚 /
    髓棘 Vartebra 23枚
    髓弓 Neural arch 23枚
    脉棘 Haemal spine 14枚
    脉弓 Haemal arch 15枚
    椎体横突 Haemal spine 10对
    肋骨 (腹肋) Ventral ribs 9对
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-16
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-19

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